In order to have a safe and successful excursion, it is necessary to have a proper equipment in good conditions, and to plan your trip in advance.
Every hiker should mind following advice before going on a trip:
• Gather the information about the area.
• Obtain all the permits for limited access or in private zones, camp sites, shelters or other kinds of accommodations.
• Learn how to get to the beginning of the route.
• Study with details the route on the map, as well as estimated time forit, and timetables which are the best for the trip.
• When downloading GSP (or similar applicationtrack), remember to use GPX format and that DATUM is the WGS 84.
Personal hiking gear should include basic material and equipment, such as a guidebook, hiking boots, rucksack, hat, sun cream, lip balm, water bottle, food rich in sugar and carbohydrates. Moreover, if the weather is changeable, or youplan to continue hiking at night, there is to take a torch and a small umbrella, cagoule, and some cloths to get changed. It is also advisable to take a first-aid kit with sticking plasters, antiseptic, painkillers, antacid, gauze,needle, etc.
An Explanation Note
Hiking routes that appear in this Guide are drawn by hiking technicians who based them on the current regulations from the Trails Manual. These routes arepassable, but there is to know that there are routes which are signposted (e.g. with PR A-266 sign for a short-distance Andalusian path) with internationally accepted signs and officially approved, and there are routes which have not been signposted nor approved yet. Therefore, the latter´s planimetry and data are includedin the guide so you could hike safely.
Basic Hiking Rules
A secret for a good walk that requires physical effort is based on two factors: fitness (something you get by training) and technical knowledge which is obtained by learning the route. Considering that, there are five basic rules to have in mind.
- Start walking at a slow paste until you achieve a constant walking rhythm. Do not run or stop unnecessarily.
- Follow your breathing while you are walking.
- Avoid long breaks in order prevent cooling your muscles.
- Walk correctly: your feet should be plain, your body vertical, with the gravity center at right angle to your feet. When walking uphill and downhill, your body should be leant forward a little bit, your walking rhythm shall slow down on downhill terrain, and/or your step shall be shorter.A walking pace of three or four km per hour is appropriate on flat terrain. In normal circumstances, 300/400 metres elevation can be climbed up in approximately one hour.
- You should drink water or isotonic drinks every half an hour, and your meals should be adapted to physical effort and not exaggerated.